6245 BC (Third Storegga Slide) to the Great Flood of 2194–2191 BC. The large peninsula of Flylând¹ lies to the north
of the Rêne (Rhine) estuary. The holy place where Frya gave the people her Tex (laws) before she ascended to the heavens (2194 BC) is marked by a jol wheel, spinning sunwise.
2191 BC to the flood of 307–306 BC. The place where Frya issued her Tex had become a stream, over which Fryasburch (Den Burg), seat of the folksmoder (Folk Mother), was built. The land around it was renamed Texlând (Texel). The former estuary of the Rêne was blocked and became the Flymar (Lake Flevo).
306 BC to the flood of AD 838 (when the Frisians had become Frankish subjects). This covers the era of the Frisian monarchy, based at Stâveren (Stavoren), upon the shore of an enlarged Flymar, which was evolving into what became known as the Almere, and later the Zuiderzee – currently the IJsselmeer.
Layout² of a Frisian burch (citadel), such as the one at Fryasburch. The houses formed the 6 spokes of the jol wheel, and in a central tower hung the foddik (lamp), at which the fâmna (priestesses) knelt in worship, led by the burchfâm (Borough Maid) – or, at Fryasburch, the folksmoder (Folk Mother) herself.
The ten Frisian folks, and their approximate regions of settlement. The Kâd-hêmar extended west and south in Gaul. Frisians also inhabited Atland³(Doggerland), Skênland (Southern Sweden), Brittanja (Britain) – the land of the exiles – and Kadik (Cádiz), as well as many other colonies in the Mediterranean.
Seaborne expansion of the Frisians, 5th millennium BC to the destruction
of Atland in 2194 BC, determined by the distribution of
megalithic monuments in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe. These structures include dykes, tombs, causeways and stone circles, connected by a vast network of leys, or alignments.
¹The Fly was a branch of the Rêne (Rhine) flowing north into Wr-alda’s
Sea (North Sea), giving its name to Sûdar
Flylânda (South Holland), West-flylând (North Holland) and Ast-flylând (Friesland). Much of Flylând – especially West-flylând – was submerged in 2194 BC.
²The burch at Liudgârda (Leeuwarden) was over 600 feet in diameter (1 Frisian foot = 1.1 modern English feet). Fryasburch was even greater.
³Atland, or Aldland – the massive North Sea island known as Doggerland to archaeologists –
was the original homeland of the Frisians, as is clearly implied by the
repeated references to it in the Oera Linda Book. Confusion has arisen
because the homeland, or ald-lând, of the Finns also perished during the Great Flood.
Frisian Matriarchy:ANCESTRESS of the Frisians ~ FOLK MOTHERS of Texland ~ FOLK MOTHER (acting)
reigned ‘seven generations’ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ revolt of Syrhêd _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ captured and murdered acting Folk Mother, murdered no Folk Mother appointed no successor no Folk Mother during reign of Adel IV, fled
1149 BC. Loss of Britain to the Trojans (Celts).
592 BC. Loss of Denmark to the Finns.
560 BC. Loss of lands to the Celts and Finns.
¹Frya is said to have lived among her descendants, the Frisians, for ‘seven generations’
before ascending to her watch-star, a mythological era corresponding to the growth of megalithic civilisation under the leadership of the fâmna – the order of priestesses, or maidens. Remembered as Freyja and Frigg in Old Norse (originally the same goddess, but subsequently regarded as two distinct individuals), Frija in Old High German, Frige in Old English, and by many similar variants.
²Inka, or Inke, the Folk Mother, should not be confused with the earlier
(male) Inka, brother of Tünis, who led his fleet in search of any
surviving remnants of Atland above water, around 2006 BC – and who, it
is speculated, may have sailed to South America and given his name to
the later Inca civilisation of Peru.
³Adela collected together the texts that formed the Oera Linda Book, passing it on to her descendants in the Oera Linda (Over de Linden) family as custodians: Adelbrost (d. 559 BC), Apollônja (fl. 559), (?), Frêthorik (fl. 306), Wil-jo (fl. 264), Konerêd (fl. 264), Bêden (fl.
151 BC), (?), Liko (fl. AD 803), (?), Hidde (fl. 1256), Okke (fl. 1256), (?),
Andries (I) (fl. 1718), Jan (d. 1794), Andries (II) (d. 1820), Aafje (d.
1848), Cornelis (I) (d. 1874), Leendert Floris (d. 1919), Cornelis (II) (d. 1958) –
who in 1938 donated the Oera Linda Book to the Provincial Library
of Friesland (Tresoar, the Frisian History and Literature Centre, since 2002).
Sources: Oera Linda Book, Croniicke ende warachtige beschryvinghe van Vrieslant (Occa Scarlensis, Johannes Flytarp & Andreas Cornelius, 1597).
Frisian Monarchy:KINGS of the Frisians ~ DUKES of the Frisians (Roman clients) ~ LADYof Ameland
Name (OLB, Fris.) ADEL I ADEL II ADEL III ADEL IV DIOCARUS DIBBALD TABBO ASCONIUS ADELBOLD TITUS _ HARON I ODILBALD I HARON II RICHOLD I ODILBALD II RICHOLD II BEROALD ADGILLIS I RADBOD I ADGILLIS II GONDEBOLD RADBOD² II TEKLA³
Notes de facto king _ _ Asinga Ascon/‘Black Adel’ on behalf of Dibbald imprisoned in Brabant, 11–46 _ _ abdicated, died 208 _ _ _ _ Audulf (?) Offa of Angel (?) Finn (?) _ _ Aldgisl Redbad Poppo/Bubo, killed in battle Adgillis III fled to Denmark accepted Christianity
AD 719. Loss of lands to the Christian Franks.
AD 734. Loss of lands to the Christian Franks.
AD 775. Ameland, the last Frisian enclave.
¹Friso led the Frisian colonists
of the Punjab – where they had been settled since 1551 BC – to their ancestral homeland. Apparently with the blessing of Gosa, who had been elected Folk Mother in 306 BC after nearly three centuries of disunity, Friso assumed
effective control as a military dictator. Though always listed as king,
he never actually held that title, which was, however, granted to his
son, Atha-rik, establishing a hereditary monarchy.
²Radbod II fled to Denmark in 775, after the Franks completed their decades-long conquest of the Frisians. He and his fellow refugees stirred up their Pagan kinsmen, known to history as the Vikings, to attack and pillage Christian Europe.
³Tekla (Thecla), daughter of Gondebold, maintained her independence
on Ameland until 806, when the island was taken over by Taeke
Cammingha, whom she was forced to marry. The last surviving citadel, at Fâstaburch (Nes), was converted into a Christian convent. This, with its associated monastery, moved to Ferwert on the mainland in 1109, though retained the name ‘Foswert’ as an echo of its origins. It was dissolved in 1580 during the Dutch Reformation.
Sources: Oera Linda Book, Frisia; seu, De viris rebusque Frisiæ illustribus, libri duo (Martinus Hamconius, 1620).