Historical Background: Coastal Changes and Frisian Settlements
6245 BC (Third Storegga Slide) to the Great Flood of 2194–2191 BC. The large peninsula of Flylând¹ lies to the north of the Rêne (Rhine) estuary. The holy place where Frya gave the people her Tex (laws) before she ascended to the heavens (2194 BC) is marked by a jol wheel, rotating sunwise.
2191 BC to the flood of 307–306 BC. The place where Frya issued her Tex had become a stream, over which Fryasburch (Den Burg), seat of the folksmoder (Folk Mother), was built. The land around it was renamed Texlând (Texel). The former estuary of the Rêne was blocked and became the Flymar (Lake Flevo).
306 BC to the flood of AD 838 (when the Frisians had become Frankish subjects). This covers the era of the Frisian monarchy, based at Stâveren (Stavoren), upon the shore of an enlarged Flymar, which was evolving into what became known as the Almere, and later the Zuiderzee – currently the IJsselmeer.
¹The Fly was a branch of the Rêne (Rhine) flowing north into Wr-alda’s Sea (North Sea), giving its name to Sûdar Flylânda (South Holland), West-flylând (North Holland) and Ast-flylând (Friesland). Much of Flylând – especially West-flylând – was submerged in 2194 BC.
Layout¹ of a Frisian burch (citadel), such as the one at Fryasburch. The houses formed the 6 spokes of the jol wheel, and in a central tower hung the foddik (lamp), at which the fâmna (maidens) knelt in worship, led by a burchfâm (Borough Maid) – or, at Fryasburch, the folksmoder (Folk Mother) herself.
The ten Frisian folks, and their approximate regions of settlement. The Kâd-hêmar extended west and south in Gaul. Frisians also inhabited Atland² (Doggerland), Skênland (Southern Sweden), Brittanja (Britain) – the land of the exiles – and Kadik (Cádiz), as well as many other colonies in the Mediterranean.
Seaborne expansion of the Frisians, 5th millennium BC to the destruction of Atland in 2194 BC, determined by the distribution of megalithic monuments in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe. These structures include dykes, tombs, causeways and stone circles, connected by a vast network of leys, or alignments.
¹The burch at Liudgârda (Leeuwarden) was over 600 feet in diameter (1 Frisian foot = 1.1 modern English feet). Fryasburch was even greater.
²Atland, or Aldland – the massive North Sea island known as Doggerland to archaeologists – was the original homeland of the Frisians, as is clearly implied by the repeated references to it in the Oera Linda Book. Confusion has arisen because the homeland, or ald-lând, of the Finns also perished during the Great Flood.
Frisian Matriarchy: ANCESTRESS of the Frisians ~ FOLK MOTHERS of Texland ~ FOLK MOTHER (acting)
2194 BC. Loss of Atland during the Great Flood.
2013 BC. Loss of Southern Sweden to the Finns.
1630 BC. Loss of lands to Syrhêd and her Celts.
Name (OLB)

FRYA¹

FÆSTA²

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MINNA
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RÔSA-MVDA
HEL-LICHT
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FRÂNA
ADELA
(interregnum)
GOSA
(interregnum)
PRONTLIK
Surname (OLB)

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HELLÊNJA

MAKONTA

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Name (Cron.)

FRYA
FASTA/FESTA
SÜNJE
MINNA
STINTJE
INSKA/INSKE
FENNA/FENNE
ELKE
SWANTJE
INSA/INSE
RÔSAMOND
HEL-LICHT
GERIT/GERRIT
STINA/STINE
RENSKE
WIBEKE/WIBKE
INKA/INKE³
ALETTA/ALETTE
ELTJE
DYWEK
NELA/NELE
IMKA/IMKE
IMME
ENNA
HILKA/HILKE

FENNEKE
HEIKE
RENKE
TJARDA
FRÂNA
ADELA/DELA

GESA/GESE

PRONTLIK
Reign (OLB)

?–2194 BC
2194–after 2145
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fl. 2013
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?–1631
1631–before 1621
fl. 1621
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?–590
590–559

306–?

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Reign (Cron.)

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2214–2038 (2214–1978)
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2038–1906 (1978–1912)
1906–1870 (1912–1872)
1870–1820 (1872–1820)
1820–1757
1757–1711
1711–1667
1667–1621
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1621–1580
1580–1553
1553–1489
1489–1429
1429–1377
1377–1328
1328–1277
1277–1224
1224–1186
1186–1155
1155–1114
1114–1056
1056–1006
1006–946
946–884
884–814
814–714
714–644
644–589
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361–263

70–50
Notes

reigned ‘seven generations’
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revolt of Syrhêd
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captured and murdered
acting Folk Mother, murdered
no Folk Mother
appointed no successor
no Folk Mother
during reign of Adel IV, fled
¹Frya is said to have lived among her descendants, the Frisians, for ‘seven generations’ before ascending to her watch-star, a mythological era corresponding to the growth of the megalithic culture, under the leadership of the Maidenschaft – the order of Frya’s maidens, or priestesses.
²The Frisians were not politically united until the time of Fæsta, the first Folk Mother, when attacks by hostile peoples such as the Finns led to the creation of an army. At the age of 12, all boys were required to spend one day a week practicing with weapons, and became warriors when they were proficient. Each burchfâm (Burgtmaagd) was given command of 300 young burchwêrar (defenders), with 21 burchhêran (male elders) to advise her – seven civilians, seven warriors and seven seamen. These latter were led by three elected officials – a burchmâster (Burgtmaster), grêvetman (Grevetman) and ôldermôn (Olderman). All burchfâmna and grêvetmanna met together at the mêna âcht (general assembly). Directly under to the Folk Mother was an annually elected kêning (king) to command the army, though strict rules limited his terms of office.
³Inka, or Inke, the Folk Mother, should not be confused with the earlier (male) Inka, brother of Tünis, who led his fleet in search of any surviving remnants of Atland above water, around 2006 BC – and who, it is speculated, may have sailed to South America and given his name to the later Inca people.
Sources: Oera Linda Book, Croniicke ende warachtige beschryvinghe van Vrieslant (Occa Scarlensis, Johannes Flytarp & Andreas Cornelius, 1597).
1149 BC. Loss of Britain to the Trojans (Celts).
592 BC. Loss of Denmark to the Finns.
560 BC. Loss of lands to the Celts and Finns.

Frisian Monarchy: KINGS of the Frisians ~ DUKES of the Frisians (Roman clients) ~ LADY of Ameland

264 BC. Frisian expansion under Friso.
AD 11. Loss of lands to the Franks and Finns.
AD 690. Loss of lands to the Christian Franks.
Name (OLB, Fris.)

ADEL I

ADEL II
ADEL III
ADEL IV
DIOCARUS
DIBBALD
TABBO
ASCONIUS
ADELBOLD
TITUS
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HARON I
ODILBALD I
HARON II
RICHOLD I
ODILBALD II
RICHOLD II
BEROALD
ADGILLIS I
RADBOD I
ADGILLIS II
GONDEBOLD
RADBOD II²
TEKLA³
Surname (OLB, Fris.)

FRISO¹
ATHA-RIK
UBBO
ASEGA-ÂSKAR
SEGON
SEGON
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BOIOCALUS
UBBO
UBBO
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UDOLPH
OFFO
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Reign (OLB)

304–264 BC
264–?
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Reign (Cron.)

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AD ?–680
680–719
719–734
734–?
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?–806
Reign (Fris.)

313–245 BC
245–151
151–71
71 BC–AD 11
AD 11–46
46–85
85–130
130–173
173–187
187–240
240–299
299–335
335–360
360–392
392–435
435–470
470–533
533–590
590–672
672–723
723–737
737–749
749–775
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Notes

de facto
king
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Asinga Ascon/‘Black Adel’
on behalf of Dibbald
imprisoned in Brabant, 11–46
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abdicated, died 208
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Audulf (?)
Offa of Angel (?)
Finn (?)
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Aldgisl
Redbad
Poppo/Bubo, killed in battle
Adgillis III
fled to Denmark
accepted Christianity
¹In 306 BC, after nearly three centuries of disunity, the Frisians elected Gosa as Folk Mother, but two years later the Frisian colonists of the Punjab – where they had been settled since 1551 BC – returned, under the leadership of Friso. Apparently with Gosa’s blessing, Friso assumed effective control as a military dictator. Though always listed as king, he never actually held that title, which was, however, granted to his son, Atha-rik.
²Radbod II fled to Denmark in 775, after the Franks completed their decades-long conquest of the Frisians. He and his fellow refugees stirred up their Pagan kinsmen, known to history as the Vikings, to attack and pillage Christian Europe.
³Tekla (Thecla), a daughter of Gondebold, maintained a Frisian enclave on the island of Ameland until 806, when she was forced to marry Taeke Cammingha, who became lord. The last surviving burch, at Foswerd (Nes), was converted into a Catholic convent.
Sources: Oera Linda Book, Frisia; seu, De viris rebusque Frisiæ illustribus, libri duo (Martinus Hamconius, 1620).
AD 719. Loss of lands to the Christian Franks.
AD 734. Loss of lands to the Christian Franks.
AD 775. Ameland, the last Frisian enclave.

Revived Order: FOLK MOTHERS of the Maidenschaft

Name

KOULA¹
MARIA²
ARTEMIS
Greek

ΚΟΎΛΑ
ΜΑΡΙΑ
ΆΡΤΕΜΙΣ
Crowned

20 July 1936
7 May 1984
21 April 2016
Reign

1936–1984
1984–2015
2016–
Passed

26 January 1984
16 September 2015
Age

84
94

¹Koula Pratsika (Κούλα Πράτσικα), born 24 November 1899. The connection between the Greeks and Frisians goes back to Min-erva Nyhellênja, who founded Athenia (Athens) as a Frisian burch in 1631 BC, becoming its first burchfâm. It was from among the Athenian Frisians that the later colonists of the Punjab sprang.

²Maria Hors (Μαρία Χορς), born 25 March 1921. Maria served as deputy to Koula Pratsika from 1964 until her own accession in 1984.
Koula Pratsika (centre, back), standing alongside her eventual successor, Maria Hors (left), at the refounding of the Maidenschaft, 20 July 1936.
 
FRISIAN ALLIANCE: Reconstructing the ancestral heritage of the Frisian-descended peoplesJuttar, Lêtne, Stjurar, Sêkæmpar, Angelara, Kâd-hêmar, Saxmanna, Landsâton, Mârsata, Holtsâta.
The Frisian Alliance seeks to ensure the future prosperity of the Frisian-descended (i.e. ‘Teutonic’) peoples of Europe with a programme derived from the ancient Frisian chronicle known as the Oera Linda Book, including a specific focus on youth.
Website of the Frisian Alliance. Flag¹ consists of a black jol wheel, on a background of red, white and blue – the traditional colours of the four seasons, and the four elements.
¹On a field (ratio 39:64) divided in a gyronny of six, cobalt blue (#21468B) and bright vermilion (#AE1C28), a white saltire and white pale (saltire and pale 4 × ⁶⁴/₃₉ wide), overall on a white roundel (22 × ⁶⁴/₃₉ diameter), a black wheel (20 × ⁶⁴/₃₉ diameter), comprising a rim and six spokes (rim and spokes 2 × ⁶⁴/₃₉ wide).