Perfection through purity of body, mind and spirit. All priestesses must:
1. Abstain from meat products, intoxicants, orgasm and sex.
2. Bend knees in worship for six hours every day.
3. Wear a short, white tunic at all times.
The first duty of a priestess (fâm) is to serve the people of her community – as a seeress and healer. After completing seven years she will either leave the order, or become an elder (aldfâm), offering leadership and spiritual guidance. She may also be chosen as a high priestess (burchfâm).
Order of Priestesses – based on the teachings of the Oera Linda Book.
1. Priestesses follow a natural, vegetarian diet comprising two frugal meals a day. In order to maintain their bodily purity, drugs, stimulants and sexual activity of any kind are strictly prohibited.
2. At worship, priestesses bend their knees towards the foddik (eternal flame) – left knee on the ground, right knee pointing to the fire. They draw the spirit of Wr-alda, the All-father, from the skies, and of Jrtha, the Earth-mother, from the land, sending both, combined, into the foddik, and thence to the folk, chanting: “Wr-alda t-Anfang t-Bijin” (‘Wr-alda, the Origin, the Beginning’).
3. The priestesses’ uniform – the tohnekka – is a short, white tunic. It is worn at all times, along with appropriate footware and accessories.
Priestesses kneeling in worship before the foddik, or eternal flame.
Maidens at Worship: The Citadel
In ancient times, every Frisian state had a burch (citadel), governed by a burchfâm (Burgtmaagd, or Borough Maid) and her 28 fâmna (maidens), as priestesses. Seven of these were at worship, in 3-hour shifts, at all times (OLB, Ch. 7).

Kneeling before the foddik (lamp), with its eternal flame, priestessess offered their thricefold gratitude to Wr-alda, the All-father – “for what you have received, for what you do receive, and for the hope of aid in time of need.” (OLB, Ch. 5). Pure in body and spirit, as symbolised by their white garment, the tohnekka (OLB, Ch. 36), they avoided all bodily passions, lest they polluted the light.

Iepenloftspul Oera Linda, Suwâld, Friesland, 27 June to 6 July 2019, concluding a series of events across Friesland in celebration of the Oera Linda Book.
Wr-alda (‘most ancient’), the All-father, created time, from which all things sprang (OLB, Ch. 4), including Jrtha, the Earth-mother, who brought forth the foremothers of mankind – Lyda, Finda and Frya. Frya, ancestress of the Frisians, lived among her descendants for seven generations before summoning them together and giving them her Tex (laws) in 2194 BC (OLB, Ch. 5), during the Great Flood.
The Frisian day comprised eight watches, each three hours long. Priestesses knelt in worship at the burch for two watches daily, and also worked, learnt and slept (OLB, Ch. 40). After seven years they became aldfâmna (elder maidens), taking on roles as teachers, guides and judges, and were eligible for appointment as burchfâmna. Chief of the burchfâmna was the folksmoder (Folk Mother), ruling from Fryasburch (Den Burg, Texel) in succession to Frya.
The burch at Noorderend 22, Suwâld, near Leeuwarden, Friesland.
Yule: The Wheel of the Year
The Frisian calendar was based on the 6-spoked jol – Juul, or Yule – wheel. It had twelve months alternating between 31 and 30 days, and a festival on the first day of the six longer months (OLB, Ch. 35): Jol-fêrste – Juulfeest, or Yule Feast – (21 Dec), Lente-fêrste (20 Feb), Minna-fêrste (21 Apr), Hea-fêrste (21 Jun), Herfst-fêrste (21 Aug) and Slacht-fêrste (21 Oct). In non-leap years, the third month was reduced to 30 from 31 days, though retained its festival.
The Oera Linda Book only mentions six months by name (OLB, Ch. 41). The others can be reconstructed from later sources, though there were many regional variations. Days of the month were numbered backwards (OLB, Ch. 8).
Priestesses with the 6-spoked jol wheel at the Suwâld burch.
Frisian Month
English trans.
Hearth Month
Soil Month
Lenten Month
Grass Month
Merry Month
Summer Month
Hay Month
Corn Month
Harvest Month
Wine Month
Slaughter Month
Wolf Month
21 Dec
21 Jan
20 Feb
22 Mar
21 Apr
22 May
21 Jun
22 Jul
21 Aug
21 Sep
21 Oct
21 Nov
31 days
30 days
31 days
30 days
31 days
30 days
31 days
30 days
31 days
30 days
31 days
30 days
Years were counted from the submergence of Atland, also known as Aldland (‘Old Land’), in 2194 BC, the ‘year zero of the Oera Linda Book (OLB, Ch. 1).
Frisians had a 7-day week (OLB, Ch. 26), dedicated to the three foremothers Lyda, Finda and Frya, as well as Fæsta, Mêdêa, Thjanja and Hellênja. On Frya’s day – Friday (OLB, Ch. 6) – priestesses fasted and served a communal feast. The six festivals were the occasion of much greater celebrations, when the priestesses fasted and organised public feasts for a whole week.
(1) Spinning jol wheel. (2) 7th century bowl found at Oegstgeest, Holland, with jol motif.
Iepenloftspul Oera Linda: Suwâld, Friesland, 27 June to 6 July 2019